What is OIS?
The Oregon Intervention System (OIS) is Oregon’s system of training and implementing the principles of Positive Behavior Intervention and Support (PBIS) and Interventions to staff that support adults and children with Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities (I/DD) that may display challenging behaviors.
OIS and all materials produced by OIS are the property of the Oregon Department of Human Services – Office of Developmental Disability Services (DHS-ODDS). Written permission is required for reproduction. Unauthorized reproduction of any materials produced by OIS is subject to legal recourse.
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OIS also embraces the principles of PBIS, which was developed and researched at the University of Oregon and other institutions of higher learning. PBIS emphasizes fully assessing a behavior to identify the function(s) the behavior serves for the individual, and then developing supports, which will eventually render the behavior inefficient, ineffective, and irrelevant. These supports include making changes to the environment, which will reduce stress and uncertainty for the individual; teaching the individual more efficient and effective skills; and changing the way staff respond to the individual and the challenging behavior. PBIS focuses on a proactive (preventative) approach, reinforcing desired behaviors, without the use of punishment, intimidation, or any aversive intervention.
The OIS curriculum is revised when necessary to reflect Evidenced Based Practices within the field of I/DD, integrating new research related to human behavior and support. The current OIS curriculum represents the most advanced integration of the principles of PBIS, Person-Centered Practices, Self-Determination, and community participation to date. The core principles in the OIS curriculum continue to emphasize proactive and preventative measures, which enhance an individual’s life; adherence to sound and proven Positive Behavioral Theory and practices; and as a last resort, the use of safe and effective safety interventions involving Physical Skills Techniques, which may include Protective Physical Interventions (PPIs) while maintaining the individual’s dignity.
- - Master/Mentor Co-Train/Observation Opportunity
- - Agency OIS Workshop
- - Closed to Co-Train
- - One Day Recertification
- - OIS Parent Workshop
Becoming an Instructor
The process of becoming certified as an OIS Instructor requires a definite commitment by the Instructor Candidate. During the process to become certified, Candidates must observe a 2-day workshop and conduct a minimum of two, 2-day co-trainings with qualified Instructors. The process typically occurs outside of the Candidate’s agency.*
*Contact the OIS-Data Coordinator for more information on becoming an Independent Instructor.
There are six levels of participant certification in the OIS system. Each level represents a different OIS workshop. The workshop levels include:
- General level (G)
- Individual Focus level (IF)
- Crisis level (C) for crisis providers
- Oversight level (O) for staff that support the OIS Instructor
- (OIS-B) (Philosophy and Recertification) for staff with previous OIS training
- OIS-P for families and parents
OIS Instructors conduct the General Level workshop when there is no identified need for safety interventions or when there is not a fully approved Clinical Support Document or a Positive Behavior Intervention Plan in place for any of the persons that the workshop participant supports (or will be supporting). The General Level workshop includes strategies for helping support staff and families develop the skills they need for assisting adults and children who may exhibit challenging behavior. The General Level workshop requires a minimum of 12 – 16 training hours to complete, and is usually conducted over two (2) or more days. A General Level Certification is valid for up to two (2) years.
OIS Instructors conduct an Individual Focus Level (IF) workshop when there is a fully-approved Positive Behavior Intervention Support plan (PBIS), Behavior Guidelines, or Treatment Plan. The IF Level workshop includes instruction on all of the material in the current OIS curriculum and teaches the same core principles taught in a G Level workshop, except that the OIS Instructor teaches participants in reference to an individual or individuals’ Plan(s). Any physical interventions including any Protective Physical Intervention (PPI), which are a part of an individual’s PBIS plan, are taught only to the workshop participants who provide support (or will be providing support) to that individual. The workshop requires a minimum of 16 training hours to complete and is valid for up to two (2) years.
The Crisis Level workshop is designed to prepare support persons who work in designated provider crisis settings to respond to emergencies that arise as safely and effectively as possible. The challenge of providing support and intervention for individuals who enter a crisis placement is unique because the individuals are often new to their particular service system, have not been assessed or their specific needs have not been identified, and at the moment they are in some type of crisis which may include them showing some very challenging and dangerous behaviors. Typically, these individuals do not have a plan that would assist crisis support staff in helping them effectively, although the workshop may include relevant individual-specific information.
The Crisis Level workshop includes instruction on all the material and Physical Skill Techniques in the current OIS curriculum. The workshop requires a minimum of 16 hours to complete. Certificates in Crisis Level workshops are good for two (2) years. Only Instructors who are approved by the OIS Steering Committee in advance may train the Crisis Level workshop.
The Oversight Level workshop is designed to prepare Agency support staff, as designated by the Agency, to assist the Agency or an OIS Instructor working as an Independent Behavior Consultant in monitoring and the application of the OIS system within the agency.
The curriculum for the Oversight Level workshop consists of specific and in-depth training on core components in the OIS curriculum, with an emphasis on how to avoid power struggles, communication, as well as core components of Positive Behavioral Support. The Oversight Additionally, the Oversight curriculum should address any Agency policies and procedures that affect the application and principles of OIS and Positive Behavior Support and Intervention. The Oversight Level workshop is a six to eight (6-8) hour workshop in addition to the 16-hour workshop for support staff that is currently certified to the G and IF level. An Oversight Level certification is valid for up to one (1) year.
One-day workshops are designed for support staff or other professionals who just require training in OIS/PBS concepts or for support staff requiring recertification that have gone through the OIS-(G) (IF) Level workshops and have been certified at those levels consistently for four years. The support staff participating in the Recertification Level workshop must be in good standing with their Agency, have no issues with job performance, PSIs, etc., and the Executive Director (or designee) must approve the individual prior to attending the workshop.
There are two (2) categories in these One Day Workshops:
- Philosophy– Designed for support staff and other professionals requiring training in essential OIS concepts and Positive Behavior Supports. This workshop is a minimum of four to six (4-6) hours in length; and,
- Recertification– Designed for support staff that currently is certified at G Level or IF Level of certification. This workshop includes components of the current curriculum and includes physical skill techniques in addition to possible PPIs specific to the person supported PBIS Plan. It is a minimum of eight (8) hours in length.
The OIS-Parent workshop focuses on Positive Behavior Intervention Supports in the family home. This training includes the concepts of PBIS, Proactive strategies, and Crisis response. OIS-Parent is only for families supporting children and adults in home. People paid to be in the home cannot attend OIS-P training, as a G Level or IF Level Certification is required. This is a 6-8 hour workshop and certification is not offered. The only OIS Instructors that may teach this level of workshop are those approved by the OIS-SC.
The OIS Steering Committee (OIS-SC) is the advisory body of the Oregon Intervention System. The Steering Committee assists the contract holder and the OIS Project Manager in monitoring OIS by:
- Responding to special issues generated by policy makers within DHS and State or local government;
- Responding to special issues generated by OIS professionals;
- Reviewing unique support issues;
- Reviewing requests for modifications to OIS intervention techniques;
- Reviewing Protective Services Investigations (as requested);
- Reviewing and approving OIS Instructors and Instructor resources; and,
- Overseeing the curriculum, policies, and practices of the Oregon Intervention System
The Steering Committee represents various perspectives in the human services field. The Steering Committee Charter identifies the process to become a Steering Committee member and the duties of the Steering Committee Members. The current member representatives include DHS-ODDS, DHS Licensing, Regional representative, county Service Coordinators, provider agencies, family, independent behavior consultants, brokerage, adult residential/vocational programs, and children residential programs are a few current representatives. The OIS-SC will at times consult with faculty from the University of Oregon as well as local, regional, and national experts from a variety of human services disciplines.
For a list of the Steering Committee Members:
Here are the latest Steering Committee Minutes:
Steering Committee Application